Written history of a grape
- 1765. The first written reference dates from this year. Valcárcel JA describes some of its features like skin tough or strong branch.
- 1807. Rojas Clemente y Rubio offered a more complete and morphological description mentioned that the Tempranillo was grown in Logroño and tried to implement in the south (Sanlucar, Cadiz).
- 1914. Garcia of Salmon proposed as the probable source of the Ebro Valley, a hypothesis now ratified IMIDRA studies.
The Benedict is a nearly extinct variety that emerged in Aragon, while the higher albillo originated in the Douro Valley and currently maintains about 800 hectares. "The first written reference to the tempranillo from 1765. This is a document that described Valcárcel JA skin resistance and strength of the branch, "says Muñoz.
The success of the tempranillo is undeniable. Its cultivation has spread over the last 10 years to countries like Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, USA and Argentina. In Europe their use is authorized in Portugal, France, Italy, Greece, Malta and Cyprus. In Spain, it is the grape of choice for the production of red wine and is grown in 56 of the 72 denominations of origin. Is the reason for your success? Unlike other varieties, maturation occurs during the first week of the September-October remainder in-cultivation allowing a greater number of regions. Besides its "excellent" color, aroma and taste-key qualities for expert tasters to determining the quality of the wines, the reds Tempranillo allows for different ages: young, breeding and reserves.
The researchers still have a challenge, determine which of the two varieties is what the mother and the father. "The flowers are hermaphroditic, so any of them could have pollinated the other. Albillo and Benedict have a chloroplast DNA (the leaves) identical and we could not fix what acted as flower and what female and male ". From time wine lovers can be satisfied, scientists are already working on improving the tempranillo. "To prepare the palate," says Muñoz while leaving the vineyard under a blazing sun. What catches the attention of field work are the continuous shooting air to scare the birds, who were once which transported the seeds of Tempranillo contributing to its expansion.
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